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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 1892-1900
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.226


Statistical Assessment on Status of Migration and its Effect on Agricultural and Rural Development of Odisha
Abhijeet Satpathy1*, Subrat Kumar Mahapatraand Rituparna Mohapatra3
1Department of Extension Education,
2Department of Agricultural Statistics,
3Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, OUAT, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Present Investigation was conducted on Status of migration of Odisha and its relationship with the Agricultural & Rural development of the State. Migration is a burning socio-economic issue especially in agriculture sector and cause contraction in agricultural production. Emigration, immigration, internal migration, international migration, rural-urban migration & seasonal migration are the different types of migrations. Agriculture & Rural development can address the root causes of migration, including rural poverty, food insecurity, inequality, unemployment, lack of social protection as well as natural resource depletion due to environmental degradation and climate change (FAO). For conducting the research, secondary data was collected from Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Govt. of Odisha, Odisha Agricultural Statistics Handbook, Reserve Bank of India Data & Census of India (1991, 2001 and 2011). From the Present study it was found that more number of migrants was observed in western Part of the State viz. Bolangir and Kalahandi. Work is considered as main reason for male migrants. The Major cause of rural-urban migration for education, political and social stability, searching for job, better technologies, employment and business opportunities. Kalahandi have more number of migrants under agriculture and allied sector. Intra-state migration is also seen in this part of the state. The workers are migrated to other districts as daily wage labours in different farms, industry, brick clins. The Pattern of Migration is Seasonal in nature. The migration prone districts of Odisha Includes Bargarh, Bolangir, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Sonepur, Ganjam, Gajapati, Koraput, Nowrangpur, Koraput & Khorda. From This Above study, it is concluded that migration significantly depends on area and production of different crops. For all the Major crops likes Cereals, Pules & Oil Seeds crops of the state, the district having higher area & Production attracts more migrants in 2001 and 2011 Census year.


Keywords: Migration, Emigration, Immigration, Rural development, Agriculture census
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How to cite this article:

Abhijeet Satpathy, Subrat Kumar Mahapatra and Rituparna Mohapatra. 2019. Statistical Assessment on Status of Migration and its Effect on Agricultural and Rural Development of Odisha.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 1892-1900. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.226