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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 1886-1891
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.225


Development of Mycorrhiza and their Influence on Nutrient Status, Plant Growth and Innate Immunity
Devendra Kumar1*, Rafakat Hussain1, Rahul1, Aarti2 and Ankit Kumar3
1Department of Plant Pathology, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu- Chatha 180009, India
2Department of plant protection, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202001, India
3Department of plant protection, Choudhary Charan Singh University Meerut, Uttar Pradesh 250004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM) are mutualistic associations formed between the roots of 80 per cent of terrestrial plant species. The biotrophic AM fungus receives plant carbohydrates and in return provides the plant with mineral nutrients. AM fungi influence the physicochemical properties of the soil and directly or indirectly contributes to the release of phosphate from inorganic complexes of low solubility and also improve nutrient uptake and carbon metabolism. In a pre-contact stage sometimes also referred to as pre-symbiotic stage-mutual recognition is characterized by hyphal-branching responses elicited by plant-derived strigolactones (SLs) and plant gene expression induced by diffusible fungal-signalling molecules (Akiyama et al., 2005). In response to mechanical and chemical signals emanating from fungal hyphopodia, the contacted plant cell forms an intracellular accommodation structure, the pre-penetration apparatus (PPA) that guides intracellular fungal passage into deeper cell layers (Genre et al., 2005). Later, several authors reported a higher tolerance of mycorrhizal plants to abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity, or presence of heavy metals (Miransari, 2010).


Keywords: Mycorrhiza, Plant growth, Nutrient uptake, Plant defence
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How to cite this article:

Devendra Kumar, Rafakat Hussain, Rahul, Aarti and Ankit Kumar. 2019. Development of Mycorrhiza and their Influence on Nutrient Status, Plant Growth and Innate Immunity.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 1886-1891. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.225