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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 284-290
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.039


Kharif Fallow utilization for Groundwater Recharge
Shobhana Bisen1*, Preeti Choudhary2, M. K. Awasthi3 and Deepak Patle3
1Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, MPKV, Rahuri, Maharastra, India
2Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, GBPUAT, Pantnagar,
 Uttrakhand, India
3Department of Soil and Water Engineering, JNKVV, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Ground water withdrawal for irrigation, if not done correctly, leads to falling water table below critical level. In Madhya Pradesh, out of 313 blocks, 23 blocks extended to over exploited category, 09 blocks are in critical stage and 57 blocks are in semi critical stage (MP Dynamic Ground Water Assessment, 2015). As per rules of CGWB, the areas where the water level could not recuperated upto 3m depth after the monsoon season, will essential artificial recharge. The solution lies in harvesting rainwater in farmers’ field which are kept or left fallow for one reason or another. Though, all these fields may not be good enough to recharge groundwater like percolation tanks but transfer water well below at least @4 mm/day even in clayey soils. So, to decide which area is to be taken first in present study a method of identification of priority is proposed. Four basic criteria to decide the priority namely, amount of annual rainfall, the soil type, stage of ground water development stage and extent of kharif fallow. Each of these four category are subdivided into four sub classes and giving grades from A to D where A is top in that particular category. Thus an area which attains all four ‘As’ in all four category will have a score ‘4’ as qualifies as top priority area. Based on above methodology the rank table is prepared. There are 11 blocks comes under 1st priority which needs immediate action towards ground water recharge. Those blocks are Pansemal Rajpur (Barwani), Dewas (Dewas), Badnawar, Dhar, Darampuri, Nalchha (Dhar), Sitamau, Mandsaur (Mandsaur), Sujalpur (Shajapur), Ujjain (Ghatiya). These blocks of 5 districts (Barwani, Dewas, Mandsaur, Shajapur, Ghatiya) needs more attention for Ground water recharge.


Keywords: Groundwater recharge, Kharif fallow, Priority
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How to cite this article:

Shobhana Bisen, Preeti Choudhary, M. K. Awasthi and Deepak Patle. 2019. Kharif Fallow utilization for Groundwater Recharge.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 284-290. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.039