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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(11): 1319-1330
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.155


In situ-collection and Morphological Characterization of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Genotypes
Chakradhar Patra1*, Saroj Kumar Mohanty1, Laxmi Priya Sahoo2, Alok Nandi3
Ishwar Chandra Mohanty4 and Rajib Lochan Moharana1
1Department of Seed Science & Tech., CA, Bhawanipatna, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, India
2Department of Seed Technology, ICAR-CIWA, Bhubaneswar, India
3Department of Former Vegetable Breeder & OIC, AICRP on Vegetables, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, India
4Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A study was conducted on exploration, collection and characterization of some endangered genotypes of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). These genotypes/ landraces are collected from the hilly area of Suding, Muskuti and Kundeijharan village of Kalahandi district, Odisha which are the good genetic resources for future exploration. 6 endangered landraces are identified, collected and characterized with different parameters (as per IPGRI, 1995 guidelines) like conserver details, conservation needs, passport data of the cultivar, qualitative characters, quantitative characters etc. Cluster analysis was made using Ward's Minimum Variance Cluster Analysis using the SAS system for understanding the similarity and diversity among the studied genotypes with Root-Mean-Square Distance between Observations. From the analysis of the qualitative traits, it was found that clear division of the 6 landraces into three distinct clusters. In cluster 1, three genotypes CV1, CV2 and CV4 fall, in cluster 2, CV5 and CV6 and in cluster 3 comes CV3 indicating that genotype and CV3 is distinctly different from other 5 genotypes. And when studied the quantitative parameters, 6 landraces were clearly divided into three distinct clusters. In cluster 1, three genotypes CV2, CV3 and CV4 fall, in cluster 2, CV1 and CV6 and in cluster 3 comes CV5 indicating that genotype CV5 is distinctly different from other 5 genotypes. Landraces shown substantial differences in clustering pattern using both qualitative and quantitative characters giving opportunity to breeders intended to work with either of the characters.


Keywords: Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), in-situ collection, Characterization, Conservation, Genotypes
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How to cite this article:

Chakradhar Patra, Saroj Kumar Mohanty, Laxmi Priya Sahoo, Alok Nandi, Ishwar Chandra Mohanty and Rajib Lochan Moharana. 2019. In situ-collection and Morphological Characterization of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Genotypes.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(11): 1319-1330. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.155