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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 2442-2451
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.284


Fungus and Actinomycetes Diversity of Exophytic and Endophytic in Red Grape and its Inhibition Ability to Pathogen Aspergillus niger (Caused Rot Fruit Grape)
I. Made Sudarma*, Ni Nengah Darmiati and Ni Wayan Suniti
Department of Agroecotechnology Study Program, College of Agriculture, Udayana University. Jl. PB. Sudirman Denpasar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Red grape rotten in storage is a major problem for consumers, moreover the fruit after offering in Pura (Bali island) cannot be stored for long. Efforts to control environmentally friendly diseases are hopeful in the future, using exophytic and endophytic fungi derived from healthy red grapes that need to be utilized. The results showed that red grape rot was caused by Aspergillus niger. Fungi/actinomycetes found in exophytes were 19 isolates while those of endophytes consisted of 5 isolates. Microbes found that have the highest inhibitory power by the fungus Neurospora sp. by 88.89%, and followed by Streptomyces antagonensis and A. flavus respectively at 83.33%. Colonies and the highest prevalence were found in A. flavus at 282.72 cfu/ml of water. Diversity index and index dominance of fungal/actinomycetes of 2.088 and 0.8209 means that the index of diversity is moderate and the index of dominance is high close to one reached by A. flavus. The results of the best antagonist inhibitory test (Neurospora sp.) in vivo showed that the concentration of suspension solution of 250 ml antagonist water spores (10-7/ml water) was the best compared to other treatments.


Keywords: Exophytes, Endophytes, Red grapes, A. niger and Neurospora sp
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How to cite this article:

Made Sudarma, I., Ni Nengah Darmiati and Ni Wayan Suniti. 2019. Fungus and Actinomycetes Diversity of Exophytic and Endophytic in Red Grape and its Inhibition Ability to Pathogen Aspergillus niger (Caused Rot Fruit Grape).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 2442-2451. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.284