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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 1452-1459
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.170


Water Requirement of Sugarcane Using CROPWAT 8.0 Model: A Case Study of North India
Ramesh Verma* and R. M. Singh
Department of Farm Engg. I.Ag.Sc., Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, U.P, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The global consumption of water is doubling every 20 years, more than twice the rate of human population growth. As per one of the estimate of Food and Agriculture organization (FAO), 70-80 per cent of the increase in food demand between 2000 and 2030 will have to be met by irrigation. Efficient water use can increase crop diversity, produce higher yields, enhance employment and lower food prices. Understanding crop water requirements (CWR) is essential for better irrigation practices, scheduling and efficient use of water, since the water supply through rainfall is limited and erratic in nature. So it has become very important to define appropriate strategies for planning and management of irrigated farm land. One of the major practices adopted by the researchers for estimating water requirement of the crop is modelling. In this paper, Sugarcane crop water requirement in Lakhimpur Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh are forecasted, based on the meteorological data. For determination of crop evapo-transpiration and yield responses to water in the agro-climatic district, CROPWAT 8.0 model is used, which was developed by the Land and Water Development Division of Food Agricultural Organization (FAO). It includes a simple water balance model that allows the simulation of crop water stress conditions and estimation of yield reductions based on well-established methodologies.


Keywords: CROPWAT model, Crop water requirement, Effective rainfall
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How to cite this article:

Ramesh Verma and Singh, R. M. 2019. Water Requirement of Sugarcane Using CROPWAT 8.0 Model: A Case Study of North India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 1452-1459. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.170