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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(9): 247-256
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.030


Conservation and analysis of the physicochemical parameters of a Congo food plant alicamentary [Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn]
Arnaud W.G. Tamba Sompila1,2,3*, J. E. Moussounga1,2,3, A.B. Madiélé Mabika1,6, N.P.G Pambou-Tobi1,2,3, P. Diakabana1,4,5, B.D.E. Miakayizila3, M. Dzondo-Gadet1,2,3,4 and T. Silou4,5
1Centre de Recherche et d’Initiation des Projets de Technologie, cité scientifique, route de l’auberge de Gascogne, Brazzaville, R. Congo
2Laboratoire de Bioprocédés alimentaires et médicaux,
ENSP-UMNG, BP. 69 Brazzaville, R. Congo
3Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique, Université Marien NGOUABI, Brazzaville
4EPRAN-Congo, Pôle d’Excellence en Alimentation et Nutrition, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Marien NGOUABI, Brazzaville
5Ecole Supérieure de Technologie des Cataractes, Brazzaville
 6Unité de Chimie du Végétal et de la Vie, FST-UMNG, BP. 69 Brazzaville, R. Congo
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In order to contribute to the valorization of non-timber products from the Congo, the aim of the study was to contribute to the nutritional value of P. aquilinum fern. The harvested fern plants were previously dried by solar drying for up to 4 hours and finally crushed to obtain a powder after sieving. This powder made it possible to study the biochemical and physicochemical characteristics of fronds. The results of the biochemical analysis revealed moisture contents of 13.87 ± 0.17%; the ash content of 9.25 ± 0.49%; lipid content 7.07 ± 0.41%, and that of soluble sugars 0.54 ± 0.021. Meanwhile, the protein and total carbohydrate contents are relatively high, respectively 20.33 ± 0.58% and 49.51 ± 0.2%. The physicochemical analysis, based on the measurement of the chemical indices, showed that only the peroxide index complies with the STAN 210-1999 Codex standards. In addition, the other two indices do not comply with the standards of the CODEX STAN 210-1999 standard, i.e., 256.25 mg of KOH / g of saponification oil, 14.03 ± 1.5% of oleic acid for the acid number and the peroxide value 8.6 ± 1.75 meq O2/kg of oil.


Keywords: Conservation, Analysis, Physicochemical parameters, Food plant, Pteridium aquilinum
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How to cite this article:

Arnaud, W.G. Tamba Sompila, J.E. Moussounga, A.B. Madiélé Mabika, N.P.G. Pambou-Tobi1, P. Diakabana, B.D.E. Miakayizila, M. Dzondo-Gadet and Silou, T. 2019. Conservation and Analysis of the Physicochemical Parameters of a Congo Food Plant Alicamentary [Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn].Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(9): 247-256. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.030