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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 548-555
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.065


Effect of Drinking Water Having High F Level on Livestock Health in Mansa and Bathinda Districts of Punjab, India
Shikha Raina*, Kirti Dua and Sikhtejinder Singh
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Excessive intake of fluoride, mainly through drinking water is a serious health hazard affecting humans as well as livestock worldwide. According to previous researches, the South-western region of Punjab is endemic for hydrofluoroisis and the fluoride concentrations beyond the standard level results in dental and skeletal fluorosis. This paper highlights the highest fluoride concentration in drinking water of Mansa and Bathinda districts of Punjab which comes under the South-Western region of Punjab. A total of 220 water samples from 7 villages of Mansa and 3 villages of Bathinda were collected and analysed for F level. It was found that 44.6% water samples from Mansa and 36.2% water samples from Bathinda were having F level above permissible limit (i.e. >1.5 ppm). The highest F level in the drinking water found in Ghele (6.21±0.64) and Gheri (4.1±0.45) village of Mansa and Bathinda district respectively. The clinical manifestations observed in the livestock were dental mottling and lameness in such areas. In village Ghele of district Mansa 25.6% of the dairy animals manifest dental mottling whereas 51.6% of animals showed skeletal fluorosis. Similarly, in Gheri village of district Bathinda, maximum cases of dental mottling (52.6%) and lameness (39.8%) was found in livestock. Besides that, the significant positive correlation of F was observed with water pH and alkalinity was observed.


Keywords: Fluoride, Hydrofluorosis, Dental mottling, Lameness, Livestock
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How to cite this article:

Shikha Raina, Kirti Dua and Sikhtejinder Singh. 2019. Effect of Drinking Water Having High F Level on Livestock Health in Mansa and Bathinda Districts of Punjab, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 548-555. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.065