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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 473-479
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.054


Morphogenesis of Mammary Gland in Indian Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A Review on Prenatal Study
Challana Amit*, Anuradha Gupta, Neelam Bansal and Varinder Uppal
Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary Sciences, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The mammary gland develops through several distinct stages. The first transpires in the embryo as the ectoderm forms a mammary line that resolves into placodes which leads to various stages like mammary bud, primary sprout, secondary and tertiary sprouts. Simultaneously the connective tissue whorls, fat pad, teat & gland sinus and other associated structures like sweat and sebaceous glands are also developed. Regulated by epithelial/mesenchymal interactions, the placodes descend into the underlying mesenchyme and produce the ductal structure of the gland present at birth. These processes require numerous signaling pathways that fuel the dramatic changes in the gland occurring during prenatal life. Our knowledge of morphogenesis of mammary gland and its biology may reveal the ways to manipulate the development of mammary gland to enhance milk production in mature buffalo and to treat various diseases.


Keywords: Buffalo, Mammary gland, Mammary bud, Primary Sprout, Fat pad, Gland sinus
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How to cite this article:

Challana Amit, Anuradha Gupta, Neelam Bansal and Varinder Uppal. 2019. Morphogenesis of Mammary Gland in Indian Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A Review on Prenatal Study.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 473-479. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.054