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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 362-371
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.041


Isolation and Characterization of Associative Diazotrophs from Lowland Rice Ecosystem
Rasinja Englengpi1* and Rajen Baruah2
1Soil Microbiology Laboratory, Research Scholar, Department of Soil Science, Assam Agricultural University-Jorhat, Assam, India
2Soil Microbiology, Department of Soil Science, Assam Agricultural University-Jorhat, Assam, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Rice crop harbours diverse beneficial plant growth promoting diazotrophs which mostly plays a significant role in supplementing not only N fertilizer but also gives indirect benefit to the crops by improving their productivity and immunity. Considering all the benefits from PGP diazotrophs, rice rhizospheric soil samples were collected randomly from 20 different locations of Jorhat district, Assam. Altogether, 53 rhizobacterial cultures were isolated in non-selective TSA media. Further, 30 pure culture isolates were grown in selective media to select diazotrophic PGPR out of which five phosphate solubilizers, three Azospirillum, one Azotobacter and one Pseudomonas for finding multiple PGP traits. Rhizobacterial cultures were morphologically and biochemically characterized and indicated that none of the culture were identical to each other. On qualitative evaluation, all selected cultures produced ammonia, IAA, HCN and urease activity but Siderophore and Antimicrobial activity were limited to few cultures. The test cultures produced nitrogenase activity ranged from 5 to 12.6 µmol C2H4 ml-1hr-1 and ammonia production from 112.34 to 310.05 mgl-1. Diazotrophic PGP cultures P 20 (Azospirillium) was found the most efficient and superior culture among the test isolates followed by P 49 (PSB) and P 51 (PSB) in respect of PGP activities likes biofertilizers, phytostimulators and bio-control properties.


Keywords: Rice crop, Plant growth, Diazotrophs
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How to cite this article:

Rasinja Englengpi and Rajen Baruah. 2019. Isolation and Characterization of Associative Diazotrophs from Lowland Rice Ecosystem.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 362-371. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.041