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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 346-357
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.039


Screening and Interactive Effects of Soil Microbial Enzymes Activities of Diazotrophic PGPR
Rasinja Englengpi*, Rajen Baruah and Amrita Phukan
Soil Microbiology Laboratory, Research Scholar, Department of Soil Science, Assam Agricultural University-Jorhat, Assam, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Diverse communities of beneficial plant growth promoting diazotrophs harbour in Rice rhizosphere which mostly plays a significant role in supplementing Biofertilizer, bioprotectant and bio stimulator and improves the crop productivity directly or indirectly. 53 rhizobacterial were isolated from lowland rice rhizosphere of Jorhat district of Assam in non-selective TSA media. 30 pure culture isolates were grown in selective media to and selected five phosphate solubilizers, three Azospirillum, one Azotobacter and one Pseudomonas for screening multiple PGP traits both qualitative and quantitatively. All the selected cultures produced ammonia but Proteolytic activity was limited to few cultures. The test cultures enhanced seed germination ranging from 60-100%, IAA production from 15.8 to 22.6 mg l-1 and P-solubilization from 0.3-3.1 percent. The results also indicated direct relationship of drop in pH (6.57 to 4.01) to extent of P-solubilized with days of incubation. A Pot culture experiment was conducted during November, 2016 to evaluate 7 screened cultures of PGP on growth characters of brinjal (Solanum melongena) and post-harvest parameters. Among the test PGPR, culture P 20 (Azospirillium) recorded significantly highest percent increase in root length (21.6%), plant height (40.6%), root dry weight (120.6%), shoot dry weight (84.82%), total biomass (86.86%), root shoot ratio (19.45%), number of leaves (144.4%) and number of branches (200%) over uninoculated control. On post-harvest parameters, the microbial population was evaluated ranged from 1.7 to 3.5 cfu 106ml-1, dehydrogenase activity ranged from 107.2 to 140.4 µg TPF g-1, hydrolysis of Fluorescein diacetate ranged from 64.1 to 80.4 µg FDA g-1 hr -1 and phosphomonoesterase activity ranged from 75.0 to 94.2 µg p-nitrophenol g-1 h-1. Azospirillium (P 20) and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria (P 49) suggest to be the most efficient biofertilizers, biopesticide and biostimulator properties.


Keywords: Brinjal (Solanum melongena), Azospirillum
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How to cite this article:

Rasinja Englengpi, Rajen Baruah and Amrita Phukan. 2019. Screening and Interactive Effects of Soil Microbial Enzymes Activities of Diazotrophic PGPR.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 346-357. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.039