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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(8): 192-199
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.023


Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern and Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus for Thermonuclease gene (nuc) in Bovine Affected with Mastitis from Cauvery Delta Region of Tamilnadu, India
R. Manickam*, T. Lurthu Reetha and B. Puvarajan
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathanadu, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Among the various mastitis pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is identified as a chief etiological agent responsible for subclinical and chronic mastitis. Samples were collected from the clinically affected cattle showing typical symptoms of mastitis. 156 samples were screened by clinical symptoms specific for mastitis from the delta region of Tamilnadu. On the basis of cultural and biochemical properties, 52 isolates were presumptively identified as S. aureus. These 52 isolates were subjected to antibiotic sensitivity test, for which 15 antibiotic discs were used. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the used antibiotics of the 52 Staphylococcal isolates revealed maximum resistance for pencillin-G (90%), ampicillin (83%), erythromycin (60%), terramycin (54%), Ampicillin/ Cloxacillin (47%) and cotrimaxazole (46%). whereas, the isolates were highly sensitive to chloramphenical (84%), enrofloxacin (75%), ofloxacin (61%), ceftriaxone (45%), and amoxicillin + clavulanic acid (50%). All the isolates were susceptible to Vancomycin (100%). Intermediate pattern was observed in ceftrioxone (14%), ofloxacin (40%) and gentamicin (30%). These 52 isolates were genotypically identified as S. aureus by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for species specific thermonuclease gene (nuc). Amplification for thermonuclease (nuc) gene was observed in 52 solates. The amplified products were of nearly 279 bp when resolved in gel electrophoresis. The phenotypic and genotypic findings of the present study might help to understand the distribution of prevalent S. aureus infection in the dairy farms and antibiotic sensitivity pattern will help to choose most appropriate antibiotic, hence help to adopt appropriate strategies for the management and control of bovine mastitis.


Keywords: Cattle, Bovine Mastitis, Staphylococcus aureus, Antibiotic Resistance, PCR
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How to cite this article:

Manickam, R., T. Lurthu Reetha and Puvarajan, B. 2019. Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern and Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus for Thermonuclease gene (nuc) in Bovine Affected with Mastitis from Cauvery Delta Region of Tamilnadu, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(8): 192-199. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.023