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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(1): 819-833
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.601.097


Prevalence of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in Maize (Zea mays) or Millet (Pennicetum glaucum) Flours and Porridges
Kouame Nzebo1*, A. Dadie1, O.L. Anin-Atchibri3, N. Kouassi2 and K.M. Dje1
1Department of Food Science and Technology, Laboratory of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, University of Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
2Laboratory of Molecular pathology and biotechnology / National Center of Agronomic Research, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire,
3Department of Food Science and Technology, Laboratory of Nutrition and Food security, University of Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) was a leading cause of infantile diarrhea in many countries. But this bacteria had never research in flours and porridges consume by infant in Côte d’Ivoire. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of EPEC in maize and millet flours and porridges made traditionally. EPEC were research in 996 samples of traditional cereals products, with 404 flours and 592 porridges. These products were taken in five municipalities of Abidjan. The strains were characterized by detection of virulence factors and phylogenetic method. The results revealed that the prevalence of EPEC was 4.1% in millet porridge and 3.4% in maize porridge. This prevalence was 6.4% and 5.4% respectively in millet and maize flours. Most of EPEC; 68.2% isolated was atypical. EPEC detected belong to phylogenetic group A (47.2%), D (28.3%), B1 (13.2%) and B2 (11.3%). In short, traditional flours and porridges from maize and millet used in infant food were risk factors by EPEC contamination, which was potentially pathogen for children.


Keywords: Cereal, Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, flour, porridge, prevalence.
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How to cite this article:

Kouame N’zebo, D., A. Dadie, O.L. Anin-Atchibri, N. Kouassi and Dje, K.M. 2017. Prevalence of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in Maize (Zea mays) or Millet (Pennicetum glaucum) Flours and Porridges.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(1): 819-833. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.601.097