Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 3321-3337
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.396


Quality of Life with Mental Health HIV-Infected Patients in India before and After Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)
Vinay Malik*, A.P. Garg, Tung Virsingh Arya and Maya Datt Joshi
LLRM Medical College and Hospital, Meerut, (UP), India Shobhit Deemed University, Meerut, (UP), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

AIDS/HIV is a chronic pandemic disease with significant morbidity and mortality. Although with the advent of HAART an increase in life expectancy and improved QoL has been noticed, evidences regarding prevalence of mental disorders among PLHIV are largely ambiguous. The present study aims to systematically review the evidences about the mental complications in PLHIV before and after HAART therapy. Literature search was conducted for past ten years (i.e. from 2008 to 2019) using the electronic data bases like PubMed, Googlescholar, Google using combination of keywords “AIDS” OR “HIV” AND “quality of life” OR “health related quality of life” AND “neurocognition”, OR “cognitive deficit” OR “psychological complications” OR “mental health” OR “cognitive impairment” OR “depression” OR “anxiety” OR “dementia” AND “randomized controlled trials” OR “randomized clinical trials”, OR “cohort study”, OR “meta-analysis”, OR “systemic review” OR “study”. A total of 27 studies were included in the current systematic review in which 25 were cross sectional studies and 2 were reviews. These 27 studies recorded the neuropsychological variables either as a component of HRQoL/QoL or through usage of specific tools for assessment of depression, anxiety and HAND. Overall based upon the included studies it is evident that the enhanced coexistence of depression, anxiety and HAND with AIDS/HIV is common worldwide. Further, it was observed that the role of HAART in reducing the prevalence of neuropsychological disorders with disease progression is largely meager. It is recommended that baseline assessment of HRQoL, immune markers, and neuropsychological disorders may serve as better treatment strategy with improved outcomes. Further, considering the serious repercussions of mental disorders on HRQoL, it would be beneficial to incorporate additional treatment regimen for them in addition to HAART from the beginning.


Keywords: Mental Health, HIV-Infected patients, Antiretroviral Therapy
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Vinay Malik, A.P. Garg, Tung Virsingh Arya and Maya Datt Joshi. 2019. Quality of Life with Mental Health HIV-Infected Patients in India before and After Antiretroviral Therapy (ART).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 3321-3337. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.396