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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 1662-1667
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.198


Climate Change and Mitigation through Agroforestry
Rohit Kumar, Ankit Pandey*, Rekha Rana and Ashutosh Yadav
Department of Agronomy, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Global climate change is a change in long term weather pattern that characterised by the region of the world. Human activities, especially the burning of the coal and oil, have warmed the earth by increasing the concentration of the heat trapping gases. The impact of warming can be observed in changing weather patterns. Climate change is already affecting human health, ecosystem. Agroforestry has been recognized as a means to reduce CO2 emissions as well as enhancing carbon sinks. Agroforestry provides a unique opportunity to combine the twin objectives of climate change adaptation and mitigation. It has the ability to enhance the resilience of the system for coping with the adverse impacts of climate change. Agroforestry is an ecologically sustainable land use system that maintains increase total yield by combining food crops (annuals) with tree crops (perennials) and/or livestock on the same unit of land. Farmers retain tree of Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Mangifera indica, Zizyphus mauritiana and Gmelina arborea etc in farm land. In a 6 year old Gmelina arborea based agri-silvicultural system 31.37 tC/ha was sequestered. The highest carbon sequestration was found for Alnus nepaliensis 0.256 tC/ha/yr and Dalbergia sissoo 0.141 tC/ha/yr intercropped with wheat and paddy. Agroforestry system is economically and ecologically sound practices with enhancement of overall farm productivity, soil enrichment through litter fall, maintaining environmental services such as climate change mitigation (carbon sequestration), phytoremediation, watershed protection and biodiversity conservation.


Keywords: Agroforestry, Biodiversity, Phytoremediation
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How to cite this article:

Rohit Kumar, Ankit Pandey, Rekha Rana and Ashutosh Yadav. 2019. Climate Change and Mitigation through Agroforestry.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 1662-1667. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.198