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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 1408-1415
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.170


Techniques in Quality Planting Material Production in Major Spices Crops
S.P. Khedkar*, R.G. Khandekar, V.B. Chavan, R.T. Bhingarde and B.R. Salvi
Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Dapoli, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli-415 712, Ratnagiri (M.S), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Spices like black pepper, cardamom, tree spices such nutmeg, cinnamon, clove are perennials and ginger and turmeric are grown annually. Most of them are propagated by vegetative methods. Non- availability of quality planting material is one of the important production constraints that affect the area expansion or gap filling programmes. Each crop requires specific techniques and handling to produces for planting material production from proven mother plants. The black pepper cuttings collected from mother plant are further multiplied by employing suitable rapid multiplication techniques. The simple and fast techniques are ‘soil mound’ with multiplication ratio of 1:40 in a year for production of normal cuttings. The micro propagated ginger can be raised using soil less medium in 18 or 20 well protrays, which is easy for transport and ensure pathogen free. In cardamom, vegetative techniques with average production of 32-42 suckers after 12 months of planting from one planting unite. Cardamom and turmeric are propagated through rhizome, around 1500 kg/ha seed is required and this can be reduced by adopting novel single bud transplanting is popular with several advantages. In tree spices nutmeg and kokum propagated through softwood grafting and cinnamon by layering. Bush pepper and dwarf grafts are suitable urban horticulture and vertical farming. Use of growth regulators, ideal potting mixture and fortification with PGPR’s or bio-control agents enhance seedlings vigour. By adopting these efficient multiplication techniques we can meet the quality planting material requirements of spices.


Keywords: Quality, Material, Spices, Techniques
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How to cite this article:

Khedkar, S.P., R.G. Khandekar, V.B. Chavan, R.T. Bhingarde and Salvi, B.R. 2019. Techniques in Quality Planting Material Production in Major Spices Crops.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 1408-1415. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.170