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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 564-573
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.066


Identification and Anti-Fungal Resistance Profile of Different Candida Species Isolated from Patients in ICUs
Ghada E. Amr1, Dina M. Atef1*and Ahmed Salah shams2
1 Clinical and Chemical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt
2Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Candidiasis is one of the most predominant fungal infections that cause a major mortality of the patient. The epidemiology of candida infections have been witnessed a change round the world. We aimed to determine the distribution of candida species isolates from various clinical samples of patients in ICUs and evaluate its antifungal susceptibility to demonstrate the local resistance profile and guiding empirical treatment for clinicians. This study included 714 Candida isolates. Candida species were identified by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Antifungal susceptibility tests were performed by Vitek 2 system. The percentage of NAC isolates (63.59%) was higher compared with C. albicans (36.41%). The highest resistance rate in candida species was against amphotericin B (11.56%). However there was no resistance to caspofungin and micafungin reported. Regarding to voriconazole and fluconazoleanti fungal, the resistance rate of C. albicans were 13.46% and 8.46% respectively while of NAC species were 6.53%, 5.1% respectively. All C. krusei isolates were resistance to fluconazole. The study revealed increased the incidence of NAC over time. Although no remarkable resistance for antifungal agents in our hospital, we establish a critical need to antifungal stewardship program to prevent reaching the era of predominant Multi- drug resistance strain of Candida.


Keywords: Candida, Candida non albicans, Anti-fungal susceptibility, MS-MALDI TOF
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How to cite this article:

Ghada E. Amr, Dina M. Atef and Ahmed Salah shams. 2019. Identification and Anti-Fungal Resistance Profile of Different Candida Species Isolated from Patients in ICUs.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 564-573. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.066