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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 96-107
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.013


Microscopy, is that an Effective Diagnostic Tool for Bacterial Vaginosis?
Rajesh Tile1, Nisarga B. Kunte2, Nagarkar Rajhans Kishanrao3*, Supriya Jamkhandi1 and K. Parandekar Prashant3
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ESIC Medical College, Gulbarga, India
2ICMR, India
3Department of Microbiology, ESIC Medical College, Gulbarga, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a shift or disturbance in balance of vaginal microflora, the normal vaginal microflora consisting of Lactobacillus is replaced by over growth of other commensal bacteria. Other characteristic of BV is increase in vaginal pH. Clinically BV presents as increased thin homogenous vaginal discharge with or without burning micturation and itching. It is an extremely common health problem in women with sexually transmitted infections, pregnant women and women attending Gynecology clinics. Outcome of BV infection in pregnancy is low birth weight (LBW) infants and preterm births which is preventable. There are different methods to diagnose BV but microscopy is cost effective and easy. Aim of our study was to know the prevalence of BV in our study population and compare the diagnostic efficacy of two different microscopic methods. It was a prospective, cross sectional study with purposive sampling. Two swabs of vaginal discharge from posterior fornix were collected and processed using Amsel’s criteria and Nugent score. In this study prevalence of BV was 16%. Amsel’s criterion is 15.38% sensitive and 88.52% specific whereas Nugent score method is 23.08% sensitive and 88.52% specific. Hence Nugent scoring is more effective and reliable method in comparison to Amsel’s criteria. Clinical and microbiological investigations should be done in both symptomatic as well as asymptomatic pregnant women at regular interval which is beneficial in controlling persistence and recurrence of BV.


Keywords: Bacterial vaginosis (BV), Antenatal clinic, Nugent score
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How to cite this article:

Rajesh Tile, Nisarga B. Kunte, Nagarkar Rajhans Kishanrao, Supriya Jamkhandi and Parandekar Prashant, K. 2019. Microscopy, is that an Effective Diagnostic Tool for Bacterial Vaginosis?Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 96-107. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.806.013