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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 2468-2474
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.291


Bacterial Isolates and their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern among Patients with Pus and/or Wound discharge at Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital
R. Priscilla* and Arun Ghosh
Department of Microbiology, Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Durgapur, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In spite of advances in control of infections, wound infections have not completely controlled due to many reasons. The widespread uses of antibiotics, together with the length of time over which they have been available have led to major problems of resistant organisms contributing to morbidity and mortality. This study was aimed to assess bacterial isolates and their drug susceptibility patterns from patients with pus and/or wound discharge. A retrospective study was conducted at Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and hospital from all individuals who provide pus and/or wound discharge samples from June 2017 to May 2018. The records of wound swab samples obtained from patients with different kinds of wounds, receiving treatment at the Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Durgapur, West Bengal, were analysed by using a standard data collection format. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 11 software. P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. A total of 104 samples were included in the study with bacterial isolation rate of 87 with the isolation rate of (83.65%). Of all, 56 (53.84%) were females, 75 (86.20%) of the isolates were gram negative and 12 (13.79%) were gram positive. About 39/87 (44.82%) of the total isolates were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Coagulase positive Staphylococci (13.79%), Coliform (except E. coli) (13.79%), Proteus mirabilis (11.49%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (9.19%) and Escherichia coli (6.89%). The result showed that 66.2% of the isolates were resistant to tetracycline, followed 59.8% for ampicillin, 59.1% for cotrimoxazole, 51.7% for Erythromycin, least resistant being 6.3% for gentamycin. High prevalence of bacterial isolates were found; Pseudomonas aeruginosa being the dominant. Most of the isolates were resistant to many of the antibiotics tested where all isolates of Staphylococcus aureus being resistant to two or more antibiotics. Antibiotic susceptibility test is necessary for effective control of wound infections.


Keywords: Pus, Wound discharge, Surgical site infection (SSI) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
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How to cite this article:

Priscilla, R. and Arun Ghosh. 2019. Bacterial Isolates and their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern among Patients with Pus and/or Wound discharge at Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 2468-2474. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.291