International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:5, May, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1710-1719

Impact of Climate Change on Livestock- A Review
Ramandeep Kaur1, Parteek Singh Dhaliwal2 and S.S. Dhindsa3*
1School of Animal Biotechnology
2Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education
3Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, India-141004
*Corresponding author

The main occupation in India is agriculture and livestock sector is an integral part of agriculture with a share of 25.6 per cent in its GDP. For sustained production of livestock products, animals must reproduce and produce efficiently. However, there are numerous factors that negatively affect the efficiency of animals. At present, climate change is considered as major factor affecting performance of dairy animals. Exposure of animals to excessive environmental stress causes a marked depression in milk production and reproduction and ultimately lowers the income of dairy farmers. An annual loss of approximately 2 per cent occurs due to heat stress in India. Moreover, the incidence of anestrus and silent ovulation is increased with drastic decrease in pregnancy and calving rates in summer season. Therefore, the current review paper is focused on the impacts of climate change on livestock production, food security, sector’s contribution of livestock to climate change and adaptation cum mitigation strategies.

Keywords: Animal, Climate change, Livestock, Production, Reproduction

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How to cite this article:

Ramandeep Kaur, Parteek Singh Dhaliwal and Dhindsa, S.S. 2019. Impact of Climate Change on Livestock- A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1710-1719. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.