International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:5, May, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 1249-1256

Incidence of Bovine Clinical Mastitis Caused by Escherichia coli
V. Manasa1*, T. Venkata Sai Kumar1, T. Prasada Rao1, K.  Aswani Kumarand K. Sireesha3
1Department of Veterinary Biochemistry, SVVU, College of Veterinary Science, Proddatur, AP-516360, India
2Department of Veterinary Biochemistry, SVVU, NTR College of Veterinary Sciences, Gannavaram, AP, India
3Department of Animal Husbandry, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author

Bovine mastitis cause severe economic losses resulting from reduced milk production, treatment cost, increased labour, milk withheld following treatment and increased cost of veterinary services. Escherichia coli is one of the major environmental pathogen associated with clinical mastitis. Therefore the present study was done to know the incidence of clinical mastitis caused by E. coli in the Proddatur region of Andhra Pradesh by means of culture and confirmation by Polymerase Chain reaction (PCR). Out of 78 clinical mastitis milk samples obtained from various semi-organized private farms, a very high incidence rate of bovine clinical mastitis caused by E. coli has been reported which was found to be 41% as identified by isolation of gram negative bacteria on basic media, followed by selective differentiation of E. coli using eosine methylene blue agar and further confirmation by PCR. This study suggests an important need for the adequate milking procedures, maintenance of proper sanitation, regular screening for the early detection of sub-clinical mastitis cases, good udder health practices including pre- and post dipping for the prevention and control of mastitis due to E. coli.

Keywords: Bovine mastitis, E. coli, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Incidence, Clinical mastitis

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How to cite this article:

Manasa, V., T. Venkata Sai Kumar, T. Prasada Rao, K. Aswani Kumar and Sireesha, K. 2019. Incidence of Bovine Clinical Mastitis Caused by Escherichia coli.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 1249-1256. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.