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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(5): 975-986
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.114


Can Rice Hybrids Fit Well into Inherently Low Fertile Acidic Soils with Minimal Nitrogen Fertilizer Inputs under Intense Rainfall Receiving Rain Fed Lowlands of Andaman & Nicobar Islands
B. Gangaiah*, A. Sirisha and Sachidananda Swain
Division of Natural Resource Management, ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Rain fed lowland traditional variety rice cultivation in Andaman and Nicobar islands in acidic soils with low inherent fertility is done with minimal use of fertilizer and thus have low yields and profits. Use of hybrids and balanced fertilization especially nitrogen (N) may improve the situation. In this context, a field study was made during 2016 rainy season to assess the performance of 8 hybrids (including a variety) in main plots and four N rates (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg/ha) as sub-plot treatments. Experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications. Results based on grain yield (t/ha) and net income (Rs/ha) revealed that rice hybrid ‘KPH-459’ (3.32 t/ha and Rs. 14585) and 100 kg/ha N fertilization (3.22 t/ha and Rs.12105) as the best treatments. Cultivar and nitrogen interaction indicated that ‘KPH-459’ with 50 kg N fertilization is as good as ‘PR-14019’, ‘PR-14112’ hybrids and better than ‘WGL-14’ variety receiving highest N (150 kg) for profits. Cultivation of ‘KPH 459’ hybrid with 100 kg N gave the significantly higher profits (Rs. 29607) than all other cultivars and N combinations. Nitrogen uptake followed the trend of grain yields, however all N use efficiency indices (Physiological efficiency, Apparent recovery and Utilization efficiency) except agronomic efficiency have highest values high at 50 kg N. N response of rice crop and 6 cultivars was linear (KPH-459’ and ‘PR-14019’ have quadratic response). Replacement of current rice varieties with ‘KPH-459’ hybrid with high soil N dependence requiring low N dose (50 kg/ha) could be rewarding for Andaman and Nicobar Islands climate having high rain fall and low soil fertility and fertilizer use by farmers.


Keywords: Rice, Hybrids, Variety, Nitrogen, Net income, Nitrogen use efficiency
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How to cite this article:

Gangaiah, B., A. Sirisha and Sachidananda Swain. 2019. Can Rice Hybrids Fit Well into Inherently Low Fertile Acidic Soils with Minimal Nitrogen Fertilizer Inputs under Intense Rainfall Receiving Rain Fed Lowlands of Andaman & Nicobar Islands.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(5): 975-986. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.114