International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:10, October, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(10): 5099-5111

Salt Stress Alleviation of Chamomile Plant by Mycorrhizal Fungi and Salicylic Acid
Ragia M. Mazrou*
Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Menoufia University, Shibin El-Kom, Egypt     
*Corresponding author

This experiment was carried out to study the impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation and/or salicylic acid (SA) treatments on salt stress mitigation on chamomile plant. Salinity levels used in this study were 0, 150 and 300 mM NaCl and SA was used at 0, 0.2 and 0.4 mM. Under salt stress condition, the plant height, main branch number and relative water content (RWC) were significantly reduced compared to the control. Otherwise, the volatile oil percentage was improved while the volatile oil yield was reduced under salinity treatments. Salinity also decreased the chlorophyll content, N, P, K, percentages and membrane stability index (MSI) however; total soluble sugars (TSS) and proline content were increased relative to the control. On the other hand, SA or AMF treatments mitigated the abovementioned adverse effects of salinity. The accumulation of proline and maintaining the membrane stability as a result of SA or AMF treatments are suggested to play important roles in chamomile defense against salinity. To mitigate the adverse effects of salinity on chamomile plant, treatment of SA or AMF inoculation treatment was recommended.

Keywords: Chamomile, Salinity, Mycorrhiza, Chlorophyll, Proline, Volatile oil

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How to cite this article:

Ragia M. Mazrou. 2017. Salt Stress Alleviation of Chamomile Plant by Mycorrhizal Fungi and Salicylic Acid.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(10): 5099-5111. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.