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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(2): 344-358
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.040


Prevalence of Keratinolytic Fungi Isolated from the Poultry waste sites around Shivamogga City, Karnataka, India
Ashwathanarayana* and Raja naika
Department of PG studies and Research in Applied Botany, Jnanasahyadri, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India- 577451
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fungi found in diverse places which depends on environmental conditions and nutritional availability in the soil. Most of the fungi are saprophytic in nature, some are symbiotic and some are parasitic cause infections in plants and animals. Feather samples and soil from the selected poultry sites were collected and cultured using hair baiting technique. From hair baiting master plate the grown keratinolytic fungi were sub-cultured on sabouraud’s dextrose agar and incubated at 25-27˚C for 3-4 days. The grown keratinolytic fungi colonies are identified microscopically by standard keys and monographs. Out of 300 samples were subjected for screening only 221 samples were found to be positive for presence of keratinolyticfungi, which were belongs to 12 species of 4 genera viz, Chrysosporium indicum (13.00%), Chrysosporium tropicum (7.33%), Chrysosporium lobatum (6.33%), Microsporum gypseum (5.67%), Microsporum nanum (5.33%), Trichophyton terrestre (5.33%), Crysosporium keratinophillum (5.00%), Trichophyton rubrum (5.00%), Trichophyton mentagrophytes (4.67%), Microsporum canis (4.67%),Trichophyton ajelloi (3.00%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (2.67%) isolated and identified. Study reveals that, Chrysosporium indicum (13.00%) was the dominant keratin degrading species in all the sampling sites, due to the well adaptation of the species for Indian climatic conditions and most of all chrysosporium species were isolated found abundant in all 10 poultry sampling sites and Among all the 10 sampling sites, Shivamogga city and Bhadravati town showed highest fungal distribution of 90% due to highest amount of keratin waste dumping.


Keywords: Epidermophyton floccosum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporum gypseum, Chrysosporium indicum, Percentage Distribution, keratin.
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How to cite this article:

Ashwathanarayana, R., and Raja naika. 2016. Prevalence of Keratinolytic Fungi Isolated from the Poultry waste sites around Shivamogga City, Karnataka, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(2): 344-358. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.040