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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 1209-1218
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.143


RNA Inference: A New Technology for Genetic Improvement of Major Fruit Species
Amardeep Kour* and Navjot Gupta
PAU, Regional Research Station, Bathinda, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The improvement of woody fruit species by conventional plant breeding techniques has several limitations because of high degree of heterozygosity, lengthy juvenile period and auto-incompatibility. The development of new biotechnological tools (NBTs), such as RNA interference (RNAi), trans-grafting, cisgenesis/intragenesis, and genome editing tools, like zinc-finger and CRISPR/Cas9, has introduced the possibility of more precise and faster genetic modifications of plants. For the introduction or modification of specific traits in woody fruit species while maintaining unchanged general characteristics of a selected cultivar, this aspect is of particular importance. Over the decades biotechnological tools have undergone rapid development and there is a continuous addition of new and valuable techniques for plant breeders. This makes it possible to create desirable woody fruit varieties in a fast and more efficient way to meet the demand for sustainable agricultural productivity. In mid ninety’s RNA interference (RNAi) added a new dimension in the regulation of gene expression by different types of RNA. Down regulation of the expression of specific genes through RNAi, has been widely used for genetic research (Agarwal et al., 2003; Mansoor et al., 2006; Angaji et al., 2010). The technique has revolutionized the studies on basic biological phenomenon and unrevealed many hidden facts in every domain of biological science including Agriculture. This review article summarizes the applications of RNA interference in fruit plants for functional genomics, quality improvement and disease and insect -pest resistance.


Keywords: Fruit crop quality improvement, Functional genomics, Insect-pest resistance, RNAi
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How to cite this article:

Amardeep Kour and Navjot Gupta. 2019. RNA Inference: A New Technology for Genetic Improvement of Major Fruit Species.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 1209-1218. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.143