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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 1153-1161
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.137


Is there a Relation between ABO Blood Group and Malaria?
Sangita Vasava*, Sucheta Lakhani and Jitendra Lakhani
Department of Microbiology and Gen. Medicine SBKS MI & RC, Piparia, Waghodia – 391760, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Malaria occurrence and its severity have been related to many host factors including ABO blood groups. This cross sectional study analyzes severity and prevalence of malaria in various ABO blood groups. This prospective observational study was carried out in 74 peripheral smear positive malaria patients. Blood group analysis was done in these selected patients as well as in 74 control subjects who came for voluntary blood donation. Necessary investigations and Malarial antigen test were done. Patients were clinically examined and grouped into mild, moderate and severe malaria by defined clinical criteria. Cases of P.vivax (54.05 %) were more than P.falciparum (08.10%) and mixed infection (P.vivax+P.falciparum) (37.83%). The age group which was commonly affected was 18-30 years (39.18%). Elderly patients >60 years (05.40%) were affected least. Prevalence of malaria was higher in males in comparison with females. {Males (71.62%) Vs females (28.37%)}.Malaria cases in different blood groups were 39.18% in ‘B’, 27.2% in ‘A’,22.97%, in ‘O’ and 10.81% in ‘AB’ blood groups. Prevalence of ABO blood groups was very similar in controls. Thus we did not find any selection bias of malaria in a particular blood group. Protection in regards to severity was found in ‘O’ blood group patients. No special predilection was noted in regards to blood group and malaria. ‘O’ blood group had less severe malaria cases.


Keywords: ABO blood group, Malaria, Giemsa stain
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How to cite this article:

Sangita Vasava, Sucheta Lakhani and Jitendra Lakhani. 2019. Is there a Relation between ABO Blood Group and Malaria?Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 1153-1161. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.137