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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 172-181
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.024


Role of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in Sustainable Agriculture
Himangini Joshi*, Somduttand, Piyush Choudhary and S.L. Mundra
Department of Agronomy, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan -313 001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Agricultural production is mainly depends on the health of soil, which is a measure of a complex set of biological, chemical and physical interactions driven by microorganisms. Effective microorganism increases the beneficial microbial population in the soil for sustainable crop production. Effective Microorganisms are mixed cultures of beneficial naturally-occurring organisms that can be applied as inoculants to increase the microbial diversity of soil ecosystem. They consist mainly of the photosynthesizing bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, actinomycetes and fermenting fungi. EM will improve the structure of the soil, increase its fertility and radically improve biological diversity, suppress soil-borne pathogens, fixes the nitrogen in soil and enhances nutrient uptake, accelerates the decomposition of organic waste, residues and composting, increases beneficial minerals in organic compound, enhances the activities of indigenous microorganism and boosts the strength of plants and yield of crops. EM works by being dominant over other soil microbes. As a result, this encourages the bulk of the other microbes in the soil to follow them and in doing so suppress the activity of the smaller group of negative or opportunistic microbes. Effective microorganisms can help to improve and maintain the soil chemical and physical properties.


Keywords: Bioremediation, effective Microorganisms (EM), Living soil
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How to cite this article:

Himangini Joshi, Somduttand, Piyush Choudhary and Mundra, S.L. 2019. Role of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in Sustainable Agriculture.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 172-181. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.024