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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 3256-3263
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.380


Innovations in Market-Led Extension
D.K. Krishna1, N.V. Kumbhare2, Itigi Prabhakar3, B.S. Swethaand N. Ashoka3*
1ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India
2ATIC, ICAR-IARI, India
3UHS, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

India's agricultural extension system is at a pivotal point in its development. During the past 50 years, the Indian extension system has evolved to reflect national priorities. At the outset, extension worked to bring about broad-based rural development. However, the food crises starting in the late 1950s refocused the efforts of extension on food security and increasing food production. The combination of Green Revolution technology in the late 1960s and Training and Visit (T&V) Extension in the mid-1970s enabled India to achieve food self-sufficiency during the 1980s–1990s. At the same time, malnutrition and poverty continue to be persistent problems for the rural poor. As a result, the Government of India, with the assistance of the World Bank, designed and pilot tested a new extension approach that would decentralize the extension system, refocus it on agricultural diversification, thereby making it more market-oriented. Agricultural sustainability can only be achieved when the ends are the target of the means. This does not include only safe production in terms of consciousness of future generation needs but building up the capacity of the Agricultural system towards increase in productivity cum profit maximization through the new trend of extension services. Under WTO, the globalization/liberalization of market demands farmers at all levels to transform themselves from production and selling in the domestic market to producer cum seller in the wider market scene to realize the optimum returns on their investments. The need for market-led is of necessity by the paradigm shift of present agriculture scenarios which calls for a conversion of the sector into profit-oriented business. FAO estimates that 32 per cent of all food produced in the world were lost in 2009 due to lack of post-harvest operation among others. Similarly, 13% of Gross Domestic Product has reported loss yearly in India due to loss of food grains Existence of many middlemen has also resulted into less return on farmer's investment as well as high cost paid by the consumer. However this loss can be minimized by the Market Led extension approach through adequate supply of information by SWOT analysis of the market, establishing market and agro-processing linkages, direct marketing, and capacity building in terms of improved production and post-harvest operation such as proper handling, grading, standardizing, value addition, packaging as well as storage and transport system. Hence, this paper discusses the innovations, prospects and challenges of the market led extension in view of 21st-century scenario for capacity building of farmers, extension functionaries' stakeholders, and also for policy recommendation towards holistic sustainable agricultural development.


Keywords: Innovations, Market-Led extension, Commodity interests
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How to cite this article:

Krishna, D.K., N.V. Kumbhare, Itigi Prabhakar, B.S. Swetha and Ashoka, N. 2019. Innovations in Market-Led ExtensionInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 3256-3263. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.380