Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 3165-3178
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.370


Long Term Effect of Manure and Fertilizers on Chemical Fractions of Fe and Mn in Surface Soils under Rice-Wheat System
M.K. Dhaliwal1, S.S. Dhaliwal2* and A.K. Shukla3
1Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Punjab, India
2Department of Soil Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
3Project Coordinator, Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present research study has been conducted with prime objective to investigate the effect of manure and fertilizers on chemical fractions of Fe and Mn under rice-wheat system. Laboratory analysis was made on the soil samples collected (October 2013) from an on-going long-term field experiment (in progress since Kharif2009-10) at Department of Soil Science, PAU, Ludhiana. The organic manure through bio gas slurry (BGS) @ 6 t ha-1 was incorporated along with nitrogen (N @ 80 and 120 kg ha-1), phosphorus (P @ 30 kg ha-1) and potassium fertilizer (K @ 30 kg ha-1) to the rice crop. On the other hand in the wheat crop, nitrogen (N @ 120 kg ha-1), phosphorus (P @ 0, 30 and 60 kg ha-1) and potassium fertilizer (K @ 30 kg ha-1) were applied without addition of organic manure. It was observed that the concentration of micronutrients was found higher in the fractions where organic manure was applied along with chemical fertilizers. It was found that the residual micronutrient fraction is the dominant portion of total Fe and Mn fraction. The WSEX fraction contributed limited in amount as compared to the other fractions. Among chemical fractions viz. WSEX, SpAd, MnOX, AFeOX, CFeOX, OM-bound associated with Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn showed their edge with combined application of manure and chemical fertilizers. However, WSEX, SpAd, CFeOX and OM-bound fractions contributed towards uptake of micronutrients by wheat and rice grains.


Keywords: WSEX, SpAd, MnOX, AFeOX, CFeOX, OM-bound, RES, Fe and Mn, Biogas slurry manure, Chemical fertilizers, Rice-wheat system
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Dhaliwal, M.K., S.S. Dhaliwal and Shukla, A.K. 2019. Long Term Effect of Manure and Fertilizers on Chemical Fractions of Fe and Mn in Surface Soils under Rice-Wheat System.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 3165-3178. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.370