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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1998-2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.234


Pre-breeding: A Bridge between Genetic Resources and Crop Improvement
S.K. Jain* and Omprakash
College of Agriculture, Sri Karan Narendra Agricultural University, Lalsot (dausa), Rajasthan 303511, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Pre breeding include all such activities related to the identification of desirable genes from the wild and weedy relatives and other unadapted materials and transfer these traits to an intermediate set of materials that breeders can use further in producing new varieties for farmers. It is the first step of crop improvement programs. It is essential for linking genetic diversity arising from wild relatives and other unimproved materials and it consists of identifying a useful character, capturing its genetic diversity and putting those genes into usable form. Pre-breeding activities designed to transferring resistance gene(s) to major diseases and insects, and tolerance to abiotic stresses, from wild relatives into cultivated through using introgression and incorporation techniques. Pre-breeding aims to provide breeders ready to use materials with specific traits of interest as well as a means to broaden the diversity of improved germplasm. It does not differ significantly from general framework of plant breeding and is considered as prior step of sustainable plant breeding. The present review focusing on all the aspects related to pre-breeding and will be use-full for student and scientific community.


Keywords: Pre-breeding, Genetic Resources and Crop Improvement
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How to cite this article:

Jain, S.K. and Omprakash. 2019. Pre-breeding: A Bridge between Genetic Resources and Crop Improvement.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1998-2007. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.234