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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1675-1692
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.197


Hot-Spot Biodiversity Approach by using Birds as Indicators for Development of Ecotourism
Yan E. Persulessy1, Robert Oszaer2 and Jusmy D. Putuhena2
1Postgraduate Student of Forest Management of Pattimura University, Indonesia
2Department of Forestry Pattimura University, Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hot-spot biodiversity is a concentrated site of high species diversity, high species endemicity, and habitat uniqueness. Biodiversity disperses unevenly across the global, regional and regional scope. Hot-spot biodiversity developed into an approach to assessing the concentration of biodiversity at certain limits. The biodiversity hot-spot approach is conducted using indicator species such as bird species that are used as ecotourism development for sustainable forest exploitation. Research with objectives: Determine the location of biodiversity hot-spot within Production Forest Management Unit (PFMU) Wae Sapalewa area, measure the importance of hot spot location, and provide appropriate ecotourism form directions at hot spot locations. The research used survey method with area tracing technique to determine the biodiversity hotspots as well as Point Count and Encounter Rates method to collect information of indicator bird species. The results of the study determined 7 locations of biodiversity hot-spot within PFMU Wae Sapalewa area which contained tourist attraction object, in the form of bird species biodiversity with certain status. It is recorded as many as 122 species of birds; 4 endangered species globally, 9 species endemic Seram Island, 6 unique species, 21 types of limited distribution. This particular type of bird is classified into 27 species of "Bird Indicators" considered as objects of ecotourism attraction. Calculation Index of diversity type shows 7 hot-spot location has high diversity index value, calculation result of relative abundance of indicator bird species shows variation of abundance which is indicative of existence condition and status of bird species in hot spot location. The results of the analysis lead to the form of ecotourism in the form of ecotourism of special interest in the form of Bird Watching.


Keywords: PFMU, Hot-spot biodiversity, Birds, ecotourism, Bird Watching
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How to cite this article:

Yan E. Persulessy, Robert Oszaer and Jusmy D. Putuhena. 2019. Hot-Spot Biodiversity Approach by using Birds as Indicators for Development of Ecotourism.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1675-1692. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.197