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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1540-1547
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.180


Use of Biogas as Energy Source: A Review
Vivek Koshta1*, Himanshu R. Patel1, Anil R. Chaudhari1, B.P. Shahand B.M. Patel
1Dairy Engineering Department, Mansinhbhai Institute of Dairy & Food Technology (MIDFT), Mehsana (Gujarat-India)
2S.M.C. College of Dairy Science, Anand Agricultural University, Anand (Gujarat-India) and visiting Professor MIDFT, Mehsana-384002, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Biogas is obtained as the one of the end product of anaerobic digestion is natural gas (methane) for energy production, nutrient rich organic slurry, and other marketable inorganic products. Biogas is a convenient energy carrier, suitable for many different applications. The biogas can be combusted in a co-generation unit to produce green energy. The simplest application of biogas is the direct use for cooking and lighting, but, nowadays, in many countries purified biogas is used for combined heat and power generation (CHP) or it is upgraded and fed into natural gas grids, used as vehicle fuel or in fuel cells. At 35 percent conversion efficiency, each pound of volatile solids digested generates 0.58 kWh of energy. Thus, Calorific value of one cubic meter of the biogas is equivalent to 6 kWh or that produced with half liter of diesel oil.


Keywords: Biogas, Methane, Combined heat and power generation (CHP)
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How to cite this article:

Vivek Koshta, Himanshu R. Patel, Anil R. Chaudhari, B.P. Shah and Patel, B.M. 2019. Use of Biogas as Energy Source: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1540-1547. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.180