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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(2): 309-316
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.035


Microbiological Study of Paranasal Sinusitis
Varalakshmi, Y. Umarani and D. Sarada*
SF3, Abhinav Enclave, Ballemvari street, Ramavarappadu, Vijayawada, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Acute Sinusitis is a common infection of the paranasal sinuses and Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis is one of the most common form. A total of 100 samples were collected from patients attending outpatient department of Oto-rhinolaryngology, Government General Hospital, Vijayawada, for Microbiological study. Highest incidence was seen in the age group of 21-30 years (60%). Out of 100 cases, 96(96%) were positive on culture of which 87(90.6%) were positive for bacterial culture, 1(1.04%) pure fungal and 8(8.33%) yielded mixed isolates. All the 11 cases of acute sinusitis were culture positive (100%) and 85(95.6%) of 89 cases with chronic sinusitis were positive for culture. The predominant organism from bacterial isolates was Coagulase Negative Staphyloccocus 32(40.50%) followed by Coagulase positive Staphylococcus 22(27.84%), Pneumococci 10(12.65%), Beta haemolytic Streptococci 5(6.32%) and others. The predominant bacterial isolate in Acute Sinusitis were Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus 6(54.54%) followed by Coagulase Positive Staphylococcus 2(18.18%), Diphtheroids 2(18.18%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae 1(9.09%). In chronic Sinusitis also the commonest isolate was CONS 33(35.86%) followed by Coagulase Positive Staphylococcus 24(26.08%), Pneumococci 12 (13.04%) and others. Allergic rhinitis was the commonest predisposing condition and Gentamycin is the drug of choice. Microorganisms causing sinusitis are mostly aerobic and facultatively anaerobic. Isolation and identification of the etiological agent and determination of its susceptibility pattern aids the clinician towards the proper management of the patient and helps in relieving the symptoms in a scientific way.


Keywords: Sinusitis, Coagulase negative, Positive, Staphylococci, Culture.
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How to cite this article:

Varalakshmi, Y. Umarani and D. Sarada. 2016. Microbiological Study of Paranasal SinusitisInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(2): 309-316. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.035