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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 131-142
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.016


Exophytic and Endophytic Fungus that Potential as Biocontrol Agents on Lasiodiplodia theobromae caused Fruit Rot at Sugar-Apple
I. Made Sudarma*, Ni Wayan Suniti and Ni Nengah Darmiati
Faculty of Agriculture Udayana University, JL, PB. Sudirman Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fruit rot disease of sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.) caused by Lesiodiplodia theobromae. The exophytic fungus found on leaves, fruits and twigs is Aspergillus sp. A. niger, Fusarium sp., Mycelia sterillia, Neurospora sp., and Rhizopus sp. whereas in the endophytes of the leaves, fruits and twigs are Fusarium sp., Penicillium sp., Neurosporas sp., and Mycelia sterillia. The diversity and dominance index of the exophistic fungi are 2,3742 and 0.8667, while the diversity and dominance index of endophytic fungi is 2.6356 and 0.6489. Ability inhibitory of antagonistic against Lesiodiplodia theobromae in vitro, from exophthalic and endophytic fungi ranged from 65.68 ± 0.82% to 88.35 ± 0.46%. The highest was obtained from Aspergillus sp. fungi of 88.35 ± 0.46% and lowest by Aspergillus sp. of 65.68 ± 0.82%. The results of in vivo inhibitory tests exophytic and endophytic fungus against the Lesiodiplodia theobromae highest obtained from Aspergillus sp. and A. niger fungi each pressed by 100%.


Keywords: Fruit rot disease, Sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.), Exophytic and endophytic fungus, in vitro and in vivo test
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How to cite this article:

Made Sudarma, I., Ni Wayan Suniti and Ni Nengah Darmiati. 2019. Exophytic and Endophytic Fungus that Potential as Biocontrol Agents on Lasiodiplodia theobromae caused Fruit Rot at Sugar-Apple.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 131-142. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.016