International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 2936-2949

Morphological Variability of Breadfruit Tree (Artocarpus altilis) in Benin
Karl Tamègnon Assogba1*, Célestin C.K. Tchekessi1, Roseline Bleoussi1, Pivot S.A. Sachi1, Anayce A. Djogbe1, Jultesse S.B. Banon1, Innocent Bokossa Yaou1 and Paulin Azokpota2
1Food Safety Research Unit (URSSA), Laboratory of Microbiology and Food Technologies (LAMITA), Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology (FAST), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01BP 4521, Cotonou, Republic of Benin
2Food Sciences Laboratory (LSA), Laboratory of Food Formulations and Molecular Biology (LAFAB); Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences (FSA), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC),02 BP 2810, Cotonou, Republic of Benin
*Corresponding author

The breadfruit tree (Artocarpus altilis), despite its food, therapeutic and agroforestry potential, remained underutilized in Benin due to the lack of information on the species. The objective of this study is to carry out the morphological characterization of the species in order to have a better knowledge of its diversity in Benin, an essential step in its safeguarding and its use. Thus, the discriminatory morphological descriptors in Artocarpus altilis in relation to the agro-ecological diversity of Benin have been identified. Foliar, fruit and seed characteristics were studied. The study areas concerned were the communes of Adjohoun, Avrankou, Dangbo and Adja-Ouèrè spread over the entire geographical range of the breadfruit in Benin. The results obtained showed a significant significance of the variables observed according to the provenances and the descriptors used (the shape of the fruit, the texture of the skin of the fruit, the color of the flesh of the fruit, the number of lobes and the degree of dissection of the fruits. leaves). All fruits sampled did not contain seed. The dendrogram of the 55 populations of Artocarpus altilis studied, resulting from the ascending hierarchical classification, revealed three (3) groups which differ from each other by their morphological characters in the study areas.

Keywords: Morphological descriptors, fruits, leaves, Artocarpus altilis, Benin
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Karl Tamègnon Assogba, Célestin C.K. Tchekessi, Roseline Bleoussi, Pivot S.A. Sachi, Anayce A. Djogbe, Jultesse S.B. Banon, Innocent Bokossa Yaou and Paulin Azokpota. 2018. Morphological Variability of Breadfruit Tree (Artocarpus altilis) in Benin.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 2936-2949. doi: