Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 2484-2499
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.263


Integration of Soil Solarization, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Trichoderma viride, Azotobacter chroococcum and Soil Amendments for the Management of Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) Wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. dianthi (Prill and Del.) Snyd. and Hans.)
Savita Sharma*, Harender Raj and Neeraj Sharma
Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Himachal Pradesh 173032, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Studies were conducted on Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) to find out the effect of integrated inoculation of potent native isolates of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AM fungi) and Azotobacter chroocococum with other approaches of management like cultural and biological methods in solarized soil on the incidence of wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. dianthi (Prill. and Del.). Initially, organic amendments, botanicals and bio-control agents were evaluated against wilt to find out the best treatments. Among amendments, neem cake was found most effective with 75.0 per cent reduction in the wilt incidence. Different fungicides, botanicals, bio-pesticides and bio-control agents were also evaluated against wilt by dip treatment of unrooted carnation cuttings. Bavistin among fungicides, Neemazal among botanicals and Trichoderma viride among bio-control agents were found effective with 100.0, 71.1 and 93.6 per cent reduction in the wilt incidence. Based on the best individual treatments, fourteen treatment combinations were evaluated in solarized and unsolarized plots for their efficacy against the disease. Among different treatments, root dip of cuttings in Bavistin (0.1%), soil amendment with Neemcake (1kg/m2), root inoculation with culture of AM fungi and A. chroococcum (5g culture/ plant) and soil application of T. viride formulation (10g/m2) in solarized soil was found most effective with 97.1 per cent reduction in the wilt incidence. This treatment combination also resulted in maximum increase of 50.97, 100.4, 39.2, 57.3, per cent in plant height, number of flowers per plant, flower size and length of flowering stem, respectively in comparison to control.


Keywords: Fusarium wilt, Carnation, Soil solarization, Azotobacter chroococcum, Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Integrated disease management
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Savita Sharma, Harender Raj and Neeraj Sharma. 2019. Integration of Soil Solarization, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Trichoderma viride, Azotobacter chroococcum and Soil Amendments for the Management of Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) Wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. dianthi (Prill and Del.) Snyd. and Hans.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 2484-2499. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.263