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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 1547-1555
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.162


Etiology of Chronic Kidney Disease in Children in Three pediatric Nephrology Centers in Baghdad
Shatha Hussain Ali1*, Abeer Tarish Ali2 and Amer Abdulameer Hasan2
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Al Nahrain University, Al – Kadhymia, P.O. Box 70074 Baghdad, Iraq
2Department of Pediatrics, AL Imamein Kadhimein Medical City, Iraq
3Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, AL Imamein Kadhimein Medical City, Iraq
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chronic kidney disease is abnormalities of kidney structure or function, present for at least three months. Study the etiologies and stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in group of children and the correlation with some demographic criteria. Descriptive study included 100 patients with CKD, was conducted from the 1st of March to the end of August 2017. Demographic data were collected; examination of all patients and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated. Males were 49%, females were 51%. The most common cause of CKD was congenital anomalies in 34%, then secondary reflux nephropathy in 17%, glumerluopathies in 15%, hereditary causes in 10% of the patients. Congenital anomalies and Hereditary causes were diagnosed mainly before the age of 5 years in 52.9% and 88.9% respectively, while secondary reflux nephropathy and Glomerulopathy were diagnosed mainly after the age of 5 years in 64.7% and 73.3% respectively. The majority of patients were detected in stage V of CKD. Hypertension was found in 39% of patients, low weight for their age in 72%, short stature in 71%, and low PCV in 94%. The major causes of CKD are congenital anomalies, secondary reflux nephropathy, and glomerulopathies.


Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, Children, Etiology, Congenital anomalies, Reflux nephropathy
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How to cite this article:

Shatha Hussain Ali, Abeer Tarish Ali and Amer Abdulameer Hasan. 2019. Etiology of Chronic Kidney Disease in Children in Three pediatric Nephrology Centers in Baghdad.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 1547-1555. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.162