International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:2, February, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(2): 279-283

Opportunistic Intestinal Parasites in HIV infected individuals and its Correlation with the CD4 Counts
Y. A. Surekha, H. S. Shilpa*, Mariraj Jeer and S. Krishna
Department of Microbiology, Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Science, Ballari -583104 Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author

The association between intestinal parasitic infections and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is well documented. These infections are often correlated with the CD4+T cell counts of the individuals To study the opportunistic intestinal infections in HIV sero positive patients  attending both in- patients and out- patients department VIMS hospital, Ballari Study included Samples of adult and paediatric in- patients of both sexes with confirmed HIV infection with and without diarrhoea attending VIMS hospital, Ballari . CD4 counts  were estimated using FACS count system . Study period was from January 1st 2014 to December 30th 2014 .Direct microscopy by saline wet mount and Iodine wet mount was done for identifying parasitic ova, cysts and trophozoites. Modified Z-N staining was done to identify acid fast structures. Out of 120 samples collected 54 (45%) samples were found positive for parasitological examination .Among 54 positive samples  28 samples (23.33%) showed Cryptosporidium parvum followed by 14 samples (11.66%)  Entameoba histolityca & Isospora belli 5(4.16%) ,Taenia 5 (4.16%) & Giardia lamblia 2 (1.66%) sample. The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections remains significant in HIV-infected patients with low CD4 counts < 200cells/micro litre.

Keywords: Opportunistic intestinal infection,HIV,Diarrhoea,CD4 Counts

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How to cite this article:

Surekha,Y. A.,  H. S. Shilpa, Mariraj Jeer and  Krishna, S. 2016. Opportunistic Intestinal Parasites in HIV infected individuals and its Correlation with the CD4 Counts.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(2): 279-283. doi:
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