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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(11): 721-732
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.083


Lactulose: Significance in Milk and Milk Products
Sonali L. Parekh*, Smitha Balakrishnan, Subrota Hati and K. D. Aparnathi
Department of Dairy Chemistry, SMC College of Dairy Science, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388110, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Many kinds of lactose derivatives can be obtained using various methods, including epimerization, oxidation and reduction. Lactulose is not only utilized as an indicator substance for milk heat treatment but it also represents one of the most valuable lactose derivatives with therapeutical applications dating back to the middle of the last century. Lactulose is a non-caloric, synthetic disaccharide formed from one molecule each of fructose and galactose. Technologically, lactulose can be produced by the isomerization of lactose molecule in which a new ketose sugar from aldose by regrouping the glucose residue to the fructose molecule. It is widely used in pharmaceutical and food industries because of its beneficial effects on human health. In particular, lactulose, galactooligosaccharide and lactitol are used in foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals, and new lactose derivatives such as epilactose and tagatose have also recently received attention.


Keywords: Epimer, Isomerization, Prebiotic, Endotoxemia.
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How to cite this article:

Sonali L. Parekh, Smitha Balakrishnan, Subrota Hati and K.D. Aparnathi. 2016. Lactulose: Significance in Milk and Milk Products.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(11): 721-732. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.083