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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(12): 2053-2074
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.236


An Evidential Review on Potential Benefits of Enzymes in Aqua Feed Industry
N. Felix, E. Prabu*, B. Kannan and K. Manikandan
Directorate of Incubation and Vocational Training in Aquaculture, ECR-Muttukadu, Chennai, Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Enzymes are basically a type of protein in biological systems. They are generally used as catalysts in order to catalyse the rate of reaction. Feeding these enzymes in the aquaculture sector has some nutritional advances. Application of enzymes reducing the effects of anti-nutritional factors, improves the dietary energy resulting in better performance of fish/shrimps. Feed enzymes in the form of granules help enzymes to stay for longer time durations and are suitable for pelletisation process. Efficiency of feeds needs to be at maximum for economical operations. There are various kinds of enzymes which include phytase, xylanase, cellulase, lipase, protease, amylase and many more which can increase the nutrient availability, nutrient absorption during digestion, increase the rate of fish growth and assist survival of fish in early stages of life. In addition, it makes the feeds more economical. Enzyme application may give a solution of high larval mortality of aquatic animals. Feeding larvae with enzymes would be beneficial. Enzymes play a significant role in formulating cost effective, high quality and eco-friendly aqua feeds. At present, the use of enzymes in aqua feeds can reduce use of fishmeal which ultimately reduces the cost of fish production. This may help to reduce the demand for fishmeal from the aquaculture sector in coming years.


Keywords: Enzyme, Fish meal, Phytase, Protease, Xylanase, Plant based ingredients
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How to cite this article:

Felix, N., E. Prabu, B. Kannan and Manikandan, K. 2018. Need of Enzymes in Aqua Feeds.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(12): 2053-2074. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.236