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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(12): 1763-1770
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.205


Nanotechnology in Agriculture: A Review
Himangini Joshi1, Dharmendra Meena2 and Harish Kumar Tank3
1Department of Agronomy
3Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Rajasthan college of Agriculture, MPUAT- Udaipur, India
2Department of Agronomy, Agriculture Research Station, Keshwana, Jalore, Agriculture University, Jodhpur, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Agricultural production needs to maximize on sustainable basis to meet the continuously increasing food demand of mushrooming population. Producing more and quality food from diminishing land and water while sustaining agricultural resource base in an environment friendly manner is a formidable challenge of this century. Nanotechnology is a versatile field and has found application in almost all existing field of science. Nanotechnology research and development is directed towards understanding and creating improved materials, devices and systems that exploit nanoscale properties. It has great potential in biological applications such as nutrient delivery, biosensing and tissue engineering. Nanoparticles have potential applications in agriculture viz. detection of pollutants, plant diseases, pest and pathogens; controlled delivery of pesticide, fertilizers, nutrients and genetic material; and can act as nanoarchitects in formation and binding of soil structure. Nanotechnology has the ability to create a great revolution and transformation in food supply system in a global scope. Micronutrient fertilizers can increase the tolerance of plants to environmental stresses like drought and salinity. It has been postulated that nanoparticles are more effective, can be utilized in agriculture for the precision farming and enhance productivity of crops. Nanofertilizers or nano-encapsulated nutrients might have properties that are effective to crops, due to release the nutrients on-demand, controlled release of chemical fertilizers that regulate plant growth and enhanced target activity. Nanoparticles have unique physicochemical properties and key potential to boost the plant metabolism.


Keywords: Nanotechnology in agriculture, Pesticide, Fertilizers,
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How to cite this article:

Himangini Joshi, Dharmendra Meena and Harish Kumar Tank. 2018. Nanotechnology in Agriculture: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(12): 1763-1770. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.205