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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(12): 1046-1057
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.131


Fonio [Digitaria exilis (Kippist.) Stapf.] Diversity Revealed by Farmers and its Importance in Cropping Systems in Niger
Idi Saidou Sani1*, Yacoubou Bakasso2, Maman Maarouhi Inoussa2, Adeline Barnaud3, Atta Sanoussi5, Ali Mahamane1,2, Mahamane Saadou2,4 and Claire Billot6
1University of Diffa, Faculty of Agronomic Science, Department of Vegetable Production,
UMR: Aridoculture and Oasis Crops, BP 78, Diffa, Niger
2Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biology, Garba Mounkaila Laboratory. BP: 10662, Niamey (Niger)
3Research Institute for Development, 911, avenue Agropolis - BP 64501 34394 Montpellier cedex 5, France
4University of Maradi, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biology. BP: 465, Maradi (Niger)
5AGRYMET Regional Center, Training and Research Department, BP. 12625 Niamey, Niger.
6International Center for Agronomic Research for Development, UMR-AGAP. A A-108/03, Avenue d'Agropolis F-34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, Montpellier, France
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fonio [Digitaria exilis (Kippist.) Stapf.] is a cereal which is experiencing a renewed interest worldwide due to its organoleptic, nutritional and dietary qualities. Investigations on farm and sample collections were conducted in order to study the different types of fonio by famers’ perception and its position relative to other crops in agricultural systems to its production area in Niger. The results were used to classify the accessions according to the length of their cycle into four types of varieties: extra -early, early, intermediate and late. Classification on the basis of the color of unshelled beans has three distinct varieties: varieties of color brown or black (10.4% of accessions collected), varieties of color gray or pale yellow (87.2 % accessions) and varieties with black hairs on the spikelets (2.4% of accessions). The classification on the basis of the position given by the farmers during the interview and, cultivated fonio indicates that occupies the third place among the cultivated species for 19 % of the farmers surveyed and 4th place 43% of peasants. However, it is not cultivated by 19 % of farmers surveyed, these harvest wild fonio (Panicum laetum. Kunth) that grows near swamps. Sowing fonio is done on the fly and the different varieties are alone or sometimes mixed in peasant farms surveyed. The evolution of the production of fonio in recent years is also variable depending on the villages surveyed. She saw an increase of 49 % of villages, stability to 2% and a 30% decline. A loss of culture fonio was even recorded in 19% of the surveyed villages.


Keywords: Accessions, diversity, Digitaria exilis, Survey, Fonio, Niger
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How to cite this article:

Idi Saidou Sani, Yacoubou Bakasso, Maman Maarouhi Inoussa, Adeline Barnaud, Atta Sanoussi, Ali Mahamane, Mahamane Saadou and Claire Billot. 2018. Fonio [Digitaria exilis (Kippist.) Stapf.] Diversity Revealed by Farmers and its Importance in Cropping Systems in Niger.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(12): 1046-1057. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.131