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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 2963-2969
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.339


Nipah Virus Infection: An Emerging Zoonotic Threat
Zahoor Ahmad War1*, Bilal Ahmad Malla2, Aquil Mohammad3 and Irshad Ahmad Para4
1Division of Pathology
2Division of Public Health & Epidemiology
3Division of Parasitology
4Division of Physiology & Climatology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar Bareilly, UP-243122, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Nipah virus is an emerging zoonotic paramyxovirus that causes severe and often fatal disease in pigs and humans. The natural host of the virus is fruit bats of the Family Pteropodidae. The virus spreads through direct contact with infected bats, pigs, or from other infected people. After an incubation period of two weeks, the disease presents as fever, headache, dizziness and vomiting, followed by drowsiness, disorientation and mental confusion. Nipah virus is endemic in Southeast Asia and was first reported in Malaysia in 1999. It is a fast-spreading viral infection and caused some disastrous outbreaks in Malaysia, Bangladesh and India. The virus is very fatal having mortality rate of around 70%. Regular outbreaks of Nipah Virus have been reported from Bangladesh since 2001 to 2015. The latest outbreak of Nipah virus has been recorded in May, 2018 from Kerala, India which resulted in the death of 17 individuals. Due to lack of vaccines and effective antivirals, Nipah encephalitis poses a great threat to public health.


Keywords: Nipah virus, Encephalitis, Zoonotic disease, Outbreaks, Pteropid bats
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How to cite this article:

Zahoor Ahmad War, Bilal Ahmad Malla, Aquil Mohammad and Irshad Ahmad Para. 2018. Nipah Virus Infection: An Emerging Zoonotic Threat.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 2963-2969. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.339