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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 1734-1743
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.199


Phytoremediation Effect on Heavy Metal Polluted Soils of Jaintia Hills in North Eastern Hill Region
Euwanrida Adleen Shylla Lyngdoh and Sanjay-Swami
School of Natural Resource Management, College of Post Graduate Studies, (Central Agricultural University-Imphal), Umiam (Barapani) - 793 103, Meghalaya, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Extensive coal mining activities in Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya, has turned large areas into degraded land, creating unfavourable condition for plant growth due to heavy metal pollution. Owing mostly to existing acidity-related fertility stress, average crop productivity in acid soil regions like Meghalaya is very low, coupled with increasing concentration of heavy metals, productivity has dropped further. Therefore decontamination of these heavy metal polluted soils is very important. Phytoremediation is an aspect of bioremediation that uses plants for the treatment of polluted soils. Therefore, a pot culture experiment was conducted using heavy metal polluted coal mined soil of Jaintia Hills in order to assess the phytoremediation effect of the two crops viz. sunflower and asparagus. From the pot culture experiment, it is observed that the Sunflower was superior phytoremediating crop in comparison to Asparagus. The analysis of heavy metals in the soil after harvesting of phytoremediating crops indicated that the heavy metals content (mg kg-1) reduced significantly in both the soils phytoremediated by Sunflower and Asparagus compared with non-phytoremediated soil. However, the soil phytoremediated by Sunflower recorded least heavy metals content indicating its superiority over Asparagus.


Keywords: Heavy metal pollution, Coal mined soil, Jaintia Hills, Phytoremediation, Sunflower and Asparagus
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How to cite this article:

Euwanrida Adleen Shylla Lyngdoh and Sanjay-Swami. 2018. Phytoremediation Effect on Heavy Metal Polluted Soils of Jaintia Hills in North Eastern Hill Region.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 1734-1743. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.199