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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 1030-1038
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.109


Epidemiology of Streptococcus pyogenes in Pyogenic Infections in Gulbarga, India
Sanjay Rathod1*, Muzaheed2, Venkat M. Shinde3 and H.P. Jai Shanker Pillai1
1Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research in Microbiology, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi, India – 585106 2Department of Clinical laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, P.O.2435, Dammam 31441 3Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research in Botany, Gulbarga University,Kalaburagi, India – 585106
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

To study the prevalence of Streptococcus pyogenes in general population of different ages, and strata of socio-economic groups. This was a cross-sectional prospective study carried on the general population of poor socio-economic status over one year, by procuring data from the total 129 patient records of OPD patients. The clinical settings including history, examination and the (throat swab, pus cervical swab, sputum ear-discharge cultures) with anti-microbial sensitivity testing performed under standard conditions. In this study, Streptococcus pyogenes was isolated, of Out of the 129 samples screened, S. pyogenes was isolated from 51 samples indicating that 39.53% of pyogenic infections are being caused by S. pyogenes The incidence of S. pyogenes was found to be very high among males than females.  Out of the 89 samples collected from males, 43 yielded S. pyogenes, indicating an incidence of 48.31%. While in the case of females out of 40 samples only 8 samples showed the presence of S. pyogenes indicating an incidence of only 20 %. The incidence was also high in pus (50%) and throat swab (48%) samples.  While the same was very low in cervical swabs (10%) and ear discharge (11%). The antibiogram pattern indicated an alarming situation, in that among “S. pyogenes isolates were resistant to multiple antibiotics all the 51 isolates were resistant atleast to three antibiotics. The multiple resistances ranged from 3 to 8 antibiotics. Among the 51 isolates, as many as 17 (33%) were resistant to 5 antibiotics and 14 (27%) to 6 six antibiotics respectively. The study showed S.Pyogenes and also showed significant amount of resistance against commonly used antibiotics which were earlier sensitive probably due to injudicious use of antibiotics without undergoing routine culture and sensitivity.


Keywords: Streptococcus pyogenes, Phayngitis, multiple resistances. Blood agar, Bacitracin, penicillin
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How to cite this article:

Sanjay Rathod, Muzaheed, Venkat M. Shinde, H.P. Jai Shanker Pillai. 2016. Epidemiology of Streptococcus pyogenes in Pyogenic Infections in Gulbarga, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 1030-1038. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.109