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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(2): 181-189
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.021


A Clinico - Mycological Profile of Dermatophytosis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bihar
Jitendra Kumar Chaudhary* and Ankur kumar
Department of Microbiology, Nalanda Medical College Patna, Bihar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Skin infections are common diseases in developing countries, Skin infections due to Dermatophytes has become a significant health problem affecting children, adolescents and adults of which Dermatophytosis are of particular concern in the tropics. The availability of scanty data on the prevalence and some associated epidemiological factors of Dermatophytosis in the Bihar state in northern India prompted us to take up the present study which utilizes conventional methods for isolation and identifications of Dermatophyte species from superficial mycosis in human patients. The Study was conducted from January 2013 to December2014 one year at Nalanda Medical College Patna All samples in the form of skin, hair and nails were collected randomly in batches under aseptically condition from both out patients & in- patients. KOH mount was done for direct exam. Culture was done on Sabouraud‘s dextrose agar with antibiotics and cycloheximide and on dermatophyte test medium. Lactophenol cotton blue mounts and urease test were performed for species identification A total of 200 clinical samples were collected from patients at NMCH in which 110 out of 200 cases (55%) were positive by direct microscopy & 85 (29.29%) were positive by culture. The commonest age group involved was 21 – 40 years. Males 93 [88%] were more prone to dermatophytoses than females13 [12%]in total positive case. Tinea cruris was the most common clinical presentation and Trichopyton rubrum was the most common fungal pathogen isolated from clinical samples. This study analyzed the Dermatophytic infections are prevalent throughout the world—due to a lack of education or resources for diagnosis and became a larger threat. In the present study Dermatophytosis is a major problem in North Indian territorial & prevalence of dermatophytic infection is alarming in both rural as well as urban community in Patna, Bihar.


Keywords: Superficial mycosis, Sabouraud‟s dextrose agar, Dermatophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, Tinea cruris
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How to cite this article:

Jitendra Kumar Chaudhary and Ankur kumar. 2016. A Clinico - Mycological Profile of Dermatophytosis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bihar.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(2): 181-189. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.021