Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 2254-2263
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.260


Heavy Metals Contamination in Madiwala and Lalbagh Lakes of Bengaluru, Karnataka: Effect of Idol Immersion Activities
Bisweswar Gorain1*, V.R. Ramakrishna Parama2 and Srijita Paul3
1Soil Science, ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, RRS (Bharuch), Gujarat – 392012, India
2Department of Soil Science, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka – 560065, India
3Department of Agronomy, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, West Bengal-741252, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Immersion of painted idols and addition of organic wastes in the lake water, as a part of religious activities, is a common religious practice in India. These activities add to the contamination of water with alkali, alkaline earth metals and heavy metals and therefore, degrade water quality and limit conservation of good quality water in the lakes. In this pretext, periodic analysis of Madiwala and Lalbagh lake water were carried out to investigate the impact of idol immersion activities on the lake water quality. In Madiwala lake, the maximum concentrations of calcium and magnesium were recorded to be 9.31 and 4.6 ppm, respectively after one month of immersion. The maximum concentrations of Na and K were 51.3 and 37 ppm respectively, after seven days of immersion in Madiwala lake water. The pH of the Lalbagh lake water dropped from 8.89 to 8.47 in the post immersion period. The BOD and COD levels also increased from 17.5 and 135.5 to 27.4 and 237.5 mgL-1, respectively in Lalbagh lake water which reflects reduction in the dissolved oxygen content of the lake water. The concentrations of different inorganic ions including heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Ni and Pb) were found to increase in the post immersion period. The water of these lakes is used for irrigation as well as for other household purposes in the adjoining areas. Thus, it may pose threat of heavy metal pollution in the near future if the problem is not addressed in due course of time.


Keywords: Idol immersion, Paints, Heavy metals, Water quality, Conservation, Biological oxygen demand (BOD), Chemical oxygen demand (COD)
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Bisweswar Gorain, V.R. Ramakrishna Parama and Srijita Paul. 2018. Heavy Metals Contamination in Madiwala and Lalbagh Lakes of Bengaluru, Karnataka: Effect of Idol Immersion Activities.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 2254-2263. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.260