speciality. In west Africa, cassava fermented food found are Gari, Attiéké, Placali, Lafun and efubo, Kokondé, Agbelima, Loi-loi, Attoupkou, Dumby, Abacha, Kapok pogari, Bêdêkouma. The associate or involved microorganisms include, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Lactococcus, Enterococcus as lactic acid bacteria and Bacillus. Yeast and moulds found are mainly Candida, Pichia, Hanseniaspora, Trichosporon, Geotrichum, Zygosaccharomyces, Saccharomyces, Kluyveromyces,as yeasts, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Mucor, Rhizopus as moulds. The biochemical compounds produce during fermentation include folates, several organic acids volatiles organics compound and others compounds. Cassava fermented food preservation, the starch functional increase, aroma and flavour enhancement, anti-nutrients reduction as well as cyanogen reduction as known as the impact of the fermentation process. The health benefit of cassava fermented foods concern their nutritional value, probiotics properties and their contribution to human immune system increase. Cassava fermented food are still produce in artisanal way and don’t allow their nutritional values standardisation." /> <em>African cassava</em> Traditional Fermented Food: The Microorganism’s Contribution to their Nutritional and Safety Values-A Review
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 664-987
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.074


African cassava Traditional Fermented Food: The Microorganism’s Contribution to their Nutritional and Safety Values-A Review
Guira Flibert*, Tankoano Abel and Savadogo Aly
Laboratoire de Biochimie et d’Immunologie Appliquée (LaBIA) ; UFR-SVT, Université Ouaga I Professeur Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. 03 BP 7021 Ouaga 03
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Cassava fermented food have a long story in Africa. There are consumed decades ago. Some cassava fermented food as gari are largely spread in the continent. Every part of the African communities has developed their own process to ferment and use cassava. Ubuswage, Imikembe, Ikivunde, Inyange, ivunde, Mokopa are known as East African cassava fermented food when Chikwangue, Meduame-M-bong, cossette are known as Central Africa speciality. In west Africa, cassava fermented food found are Gari, Attiéké, Placali, Lafun and efubo, Kokondé, Agbelima, Loi-loi, Attoupkou, Dumby, Abacha, Kapok pogari, Bêdêkouma. The associate or involved microorganisms include, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Lactococcus, Enterococcus as lactic acid bacteria and Bacillus. Yeast and moulds found are mainly Candida, Pichia, Hanseniaspora, Trichosporon, Geotrichum, Zygosaccharomyces, Saccharomyces, Kluyveromyces,as yeasts, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Mucor, Rhizopus as moulds. The biochemical compounds produce during fermentation include folates, several organic acids volatiles organics compound and others compounds. Cassava fermented food preservation, the starch functional increase, aroma and flavour enhancement, anti-nutrients reduction as well as cyanogen reduction as known as the impact of the fermentation process. The health benefit of cassava fermented foods concern their nutritional value, probiotics properties and their contribution to human immune system increase. Cassava fermented food are still produce in artisanal way and don’t allow their nutritional values standardisation.


Keywords: Cassava; Fermentation; traditional Food;Folates, Africa.
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How to cite this article:

Guira Flibert, Tankoano Abel and Savadogo Aly. 2016. African cassava Traditional Fermented Food: The Microorganism’s Contribution to their Nutritional and Safety Values-A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 664-987. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.074