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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(10): 571-582
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.064


Bioethanol Fermentation from Fungal Pretreated Lignocellulosic Areca nut (Areca catechu L.)  Husk using Yeasts and Zymomonas mobilis NCIM 2915
Kudure Jayanna Naveen Kumar1, Basaiah Thippeswamy1* and Madappa Krishnappa2
1Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Microbiology, Bioscience Complex, Kuvempu University, Jnana Sahyadri, Shankaraghatta-577 451, Shivamogga district, Karnataka, India
2Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Applied Botany, Bioscience Complex, Kuvempu University, Jnana Sahyadri, Shankaraghatta-577 451, Shivamogga district, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bioethanol produced from renewable biomass has received considerable attention in current years. Ethanol as a gasoline fuel additive as well as transportation fuel helps to alleviate global warming and environmental pollution. This paper reports a preliminary study on the microbial pretreatment (Aspergillus flavus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium NCIM 1197 and co-culture) and fermentation of the areca nut husk. A combination of different fungi obtained from screening was used for pretreatment and, yeasts and bacterium Zymomonas mobilis NCIM 2915 was used for carrying out fermentation. Zymomonas mobilis NCIM 2915 was showed maximum ethanol production after fermentation from areca nut husk as followed by Pichia stipitis NCIM 3498, Saccharomyces cerevisiae NCIM 3095 and Candida shehatae NCIM 3500. Hence, fungal pretreatment by cellulolytic fungi was more effective for ethanol production. Areca nut husk was revealed as a suitable substrate for ethanol production.


Keywords: Areca nut husk, Aspergillus flavus, Bioethanol, Phanerochaete chrysosporium NCIM 1197, Yeasts, Zymomonas mobilis NCIM 2915.
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How to cite this article:

Kudure Jayanna Naveen Kumar, Basaiah Thippeswamy and Madappa Krishnappa. 2016. Bioethanol Fermentation from Fungal Pretreated Lignocellulosic Areca nut (Areca catechu L.)  Husk using Yeasts and Zymomonas mobilis NCIM 2915.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(10): 571-582. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.510.064