International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 2 Number 8 (2013) pp. 394-399
Sexual risk factors for cervical carcinogenesis - A case control study
B. Geetha and K.S. Santhy*
Department of Zoology, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore -641 043, Tamil Nadu, India
This report examines generally recognized sexual risk factors for cervical cancer among women in Western Tamilnadu. A matched case control study was carried out at a referral hospital in Coimbatore. A standardized questionnaire that comprised socio-demographic and sexual risk factors was used to interview 200 histologically confirmed cervical cancer patients and controls. Controls were non cervical cancer patients who were matched for age and ethnicity and excluded those with malignancies or having gynecological, hormonal or endocrine problems. Conditional logistic regression was used for the analysis. Factors contributing for increased risk of cervical cancer were age (40-50 years), marital status, monthly house hold income (1000-5000), High school education, place of residence, use of oral contraceptives, HIV infection, lack of awareness on pap smear screening and vaccination. In summary, there was a significant difference between cervical cancer cases and controls subjects in relation to the above factors examined.
Cervical cancer; sexual risk factors; socio- demographic profile